Note Making and Summary writing for Class 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th

Note Making

Let’s start the article on note making format 

Students, you have to study many books to gain knowledge. You have to read long answers. You may find it a little difficult to keep them all in your memory. You need a brief summary of these. The long lectures delivered by the teachers are very useful. You can’t note down all the things so quickly. So you want to make notes. These skills Of study are known as Note Making.

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Why make notes?

  • to have a record of the speaker’S or writer’s main ideas: not to take down or copy every word;
  • to help one’s memory when revising, for example. before an examination;
  • to make the speaker’s or writer’s views a part of your own knowledge.

How to make notes from a text?

  • Step-I Survey the passage or text: Read the text with a bird’s eye view so that you can quickly find out what the passage is about and what the writer’s main ideas are. But remember that it should be done quickly.
  • Step-2 Read the text again: Read the text quickly. Make notes of main ideas. You can underline the main points or you can write them in your notebook.
  • Step-3 Write in a form: If you write the main points in a notebook. put them down in a way that relates them with one another. You can put the information in the form of a diagram as they are easier to remember. You may use a list also.

Using abbreviations: While taking notes you should use abbreviation. It saves

time and space. You can use the accepted abbreviations such as UN, UNO, etc. and you can make your own.

Know abbreviations :

  • Acronyms like RADAR, UNESCO, UNICEF, AIDS
  • Latin symbols like e.g., etc., i.e.
  • Mathematical symbols such as +(positive), -(negative) =(is equal to), > (is greater than), <(is smaller than) ……(circle) etc. and numeral for nurn-bers (22 for twenty two)
  • Shortened forms like govt., exam., univ., etc.
  • Make your own abbreviations :
  • by writing first few letters + last letter – engr for engineer, assn for association.
  • by writing first and last letters – Dr. Mr. etc;
  • by dropping all/most of the vowels – tchr for tchr, stdnt for Stdnt and lrnr for learner;
  • by using phonetic symbols – /rro/ for ring.

Note: Use standard or widely accepted abbreviations in your examination.


Read the text for an overall idea.                 –  Heading

Reread the passage for important points.     –  Sub-heading

Jot down the supporting points.                   – Points/Subpoints

Arrange the points in a sequence.                –  Draft

Note Making Format

note making format

Q.1 – Now, read the following passages and make notes. Write them in the note form using headings, points, etc.

There are many different kinds of musical instruments. They are divided into three main classes according to the way they are played. For example, some instruments are played by blowing air into them. These are called wind instruments. In some of these the air is made to vibrate inside a wooden tube and these are said to be of the woodwind family. The examples of this family are the flute, the clarinet and the bassoon. Other instruments are made of brass: the trumpet and the horn are examples. There are also various other wind instruments such as the mouth organ and the bagpipes.

Some instruments are played by banging or striking them. One obvious example is the drum, of which there are various kinds. Instruments like this are called percussion instruments.

The last big group of instruments are the ones which have strings. There are two main kinds of stringed instruments those in which the music is made by plucking the strings and those where the player draws a bow across the strings. Examples of the former are the harp and the guitar and that of the latter are the violin and the cello.

note making format

SummaryThere are many different kinds of musical instruments. They are divided into three main classes – wind instruments (Flute), percussion instruments & stringed instruments How to play it – By blowing air & banging or striking. stringed instruments  – by plucking the strings & banging or striking.

Hope you loved this article on note making format. Please let me know in comments how it was. Thank you.


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