Mahatma Gandhi – Father of The Nation Essay in English

The period from 1920 to 1947 had been described as the Gandhian Era in Indian Politics. Mahatma Gandhi led the national freedom struggle against British rule. 

Mahatma Gandhi – Father of The Nation


  • Introduction.
  • Movements.
  • Nature.
  • Freedom Struggle.
  • Death.
  • Conclusion.

Mahatma Gandhi


Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. After finishing his early education in India, he went to England in 1891 and qualified as Barrister. In 1894, Gandhiji went to South Africa in connection with a lawsuit. The United Nations has greatly honoured Mahatma Gandhi. UN has made 2nd October as “the International Day of Nonviolence.” Furthermore, many countries observe 30th January as School Day of Nonviolence and Peace. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest political icons ever. Most noteworthy, Indians revere by describing him as the “father of the nation”. Gandhiji wrote his famous autobiography under the title ‘My Experiments with Truth’.


Gandhiji launched many movements to force the British to concede India its Independence. The well-known being: Non-Co-operation Movement (1920), Civil Disobedience Movement (1930) and Quit India Movement (1942).


Gandhiji was a great leader, a saint and a great social reformer. He was pious, truthful and religious. He believed in simple living and high thinking. Gandhiji showed India and the World the path of truth and non-violence. He was a simple man. 

Freedom Struggle:

In 1916, he returned to India and took up the leadership of National Freedom Struggle. After the death of freedom fighter and congress leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak in August 1920, Gandhi became virtually the sole navigator of the ship of the congress. Gandhi had wholeheartedly supported the British during the 1st World War (1914-1919). The end of the war, however, did not bring the promised freedom for India. Between the years the persons who struggle for the independence they get arrested for many times, and suffered terrible hardships. Thousands of them were starved, beaten, ill-treated and killed

At last, his noble efforts bore fruit and on August 15, 1947, India became free and independent.


He got shot dead by a religious fanatic Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1948. The whole world gets shocked by his death.


Mahatma Gandhiji was a very simple person. He will be always in memories of the people of India. Whatever he did for the freedom the true patriot person will do it. He always thinks about the people of our country and thinks about the freedom of our country. After allot of struggle by the Bapu and people India get freedom. When India gets freedom the happiness of people were at the top level they were dancing, celebrating the freedom of our country. 

Mahatma Gandhiji was a very simple person. Mahatma Gandhi better is known as the father of the Nation because it was he who got freedom for us. He was the maker of Modern India.

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